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Sunday, July 29, 2012

Origin Of The name "Mercedes"

Mercedes-Benz is a multinational division of the German manufacturer Daimler AG, and the brand is used for automobiles, buses, coaches, and trucks. Mercedes-Benz is headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The name first appeared in 1926 under Daimler-Benz but traces its origins to Daimler's 1901 Mercedes and to Karl Benz's 1886 Benz Patent Motorwagen, widely regarded as the first automobile.



Origin of the name "Mercedes"
Emil Jellinek was a wealthy Austrian businessman and Austro-Hungarian diplomat living in Nice on the French Riviera. His daughter Adriana Manuela Ramona Jellinek, 10 years old at the car's construction, was given the pet name "Mercédès". Jellinek used to name his possessions after her, such as his mansions, the automobiles he sold, his racing car team, etc.. He himself was often known as Monsieur Mercedes.As an avid fan of the DMG brand, Jellinek had signed up two DMG-Phoenix cars for competing in the Nice-La Turbie race on 30 March 1900, introducing the Mercedes name for both his racing team and its cars. A tragedy ensued when Wilhelm Bauer, the chief mechanic of DMG, raced one of the cars and was killed after the first curve of the race. Consequently, DMG canceled all further involvement in motorsport.Nonetheless, Jellinek persuaded DMG to design a new model for competing again. He insisted that the powerful engine should be developed by both Maybach and Paul Daimler and be named Daimler-Mercedes, after his daughter. This wish was granted because the Daimler brand of the DMG had been already conceded to the French Panhard carmaker for all France.






Current model range

Mercedes-Benz carries a full range of passenger, light commercial and heavy commercial equipment. Vehicles are manufactured in multiple countries worldwide. The Smart marque of city cars and Maybach luxury cars are also produced by Daimler AG.

Passenger cars

The following passenger vehicles were in production in 2012:

A-Class—Hatchback

B-Class—Multi-Activity

C-Class—Saloon, Estate & Coupé

CL-Class—Luxury Coupé

CLS-Class—4 Door Coupé

E-Class—Saloon, Estate, Coupé & Cabriolet

G-Class—Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)

GL-Class—Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)

GLK-Class - Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)

M-Class—Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)

R-Class—Luxury Tourer Vehicle (LTV)

S-Class—Luxury Sedan

SL-Class—Roadster

SLK-Class—Roadster

SLS AMG—Coupé and Roadster

Viano—Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)

List of Mercedes-Benz vehicles

Daimler and Benz vehicles


Benz Patent-Motorwagen 1886
Daimler Motor Car 1886
Benz Velo 1894
Mercedes 35 hp 1901
Mercedes Simplex 1902
GP Mercedes 1908
Blitzen Benz 1909
Mercedes Grand Prix Racing Car 1914
Benz 10/30hp 1921
Mercedes-Benz cars

1920s
K (Kurz-short) 1926
S 1927
SSK 1928
SS 1928
10/50hp "Stuttgart" 1929
1930s
Mercedes-Benz Mannheim 350/370 (W10) 1929-1934
170 Saloon 1931-1932
130H 1934
150H 1934-6
W31 1934-1939 (6 wheels)
170V 1935-1953
770 (Grosser) 1930-1943 in two series:
W07 1930-1938
W150 1938-1943
500K 1934-1936
540K 1936-1943
260D 1936-1940
320 Saloon 1937
W125 1937
230 1938
W163 GP 1939
1950s
180 1953-1962
190 1956-1961
W196 GP 1954
220 1954-1959
300SLR 1955 (W196S)
300S mid 1950s
300SL 1954-1963 in two series:
Gullwing Coupe 1954-1957
Roadster 1958-1963
190SL 1955-1963
1960s
190c 1962-1965
230 1965-1966
200 1966-1968
200D 1966-1967
Mercedes-Benz W111/220SE 1960-1966
250S, 250SE 300SE 280S 280SE 280SEL (W108/W109) 1965-1972
230 1968-1972
250 1968-1972
1970s
280 1972-1976
280C 1973-1976
300D 1975-1976
G-Class 1979-
SL-Class 1957-
W113 1963-1971
R107 1972-1989
1980s
190 1982-1993
300D 1977-1985
300CD 1978-1985
300SD 1981-1985
300SDL 1986-1987
300TD 1978-1985
350SDL 1990-1991
500SE 1984-1991
500SEC 1984-1991
500SEL 1984-1991
560SEL 1986-1991
560SEC 1986-1991
300E 1986-1993
300CE 1986 - 1993
1990s
A-Class 1997-
C-Class 1993-
CLK-Class 1998-
E-Class 1995-
SL-Class 1989-2001
Vaneo 1997-2004
2000s
Mercedes-Benz A-Class
W168 2000-2004
W169 2004-
Mercedes-Benz B-Class 2005-
Mercedes-Benz C-Class
W203 2000-2007
W204 2007-
Mercedes-Benz CL-Class
W215 2000-2006
W216 2007-
Mercedes-Benz CLK-Class 2000-
Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class 2004-
Mercedes-Benz E-Class
W210 1995-2002
W211 2003-2009
W212 2009-
Mercedes-Benz G-Class 2000-
Mercedes-Benz GL-Class
X164 2007-
Mercedes-Benz M-Class
W163 1998-2005
W164 2006-
Mercedes-Benz R-Class 2006-
Mercedes-Benz S-Class
W220 1999-2005
W221 2006-
Mercedes-Benz SLK-Class
R170 1998-2004
R171 2005-
Mercedes-Benz SL-Class 2001-
R230
Mercedes-Benz SLR-McLaren 2003-2009
722 Edition 2006-2009
Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG 2010-
Mercedes-Benz trucks


1960s
Mercedes-Benz L-series truck
1970s
Mercedes-Benz NG (Neue Generation)
1980s
Mercedes-Benz SK (Schwere Klasse)
2000s
Mercedes-Benz Atego — light truck from 7 to 16 tonnes
Mercedes-Benz Axor — mid-sized truck from 18 to 26 tonnes in rigid and articulated
Mercedes-Benz Actros — heavy duty rigid and premium articulated — 18 to 250 tonnes
Mercedes-Benz Econic — low floor version of the Axor for refuse and specialist applications
Mercedes-Benz Unimog — for special purpose applications and transport across extreme terrain
Mercedes-Benz Zetros — off-road truck for extreme operations
1828L (F581) Mobile Casualty Treatment Centre
1517L Mobile Casualty Treatment Centre
Mercedes-Benz vans


1950s
Mercedes-Benz L 319 forward control van with numerous body variants
1960s
Mercedes-Benz TN or T1 - mid-sized van, predecessor to the sprinter
Mercedes-Benz T2 - heavy Van
All other previous models on the German Wikipedia
2000s
Mercedes-Benz Vito — light van based on the Viano MPV with a payload of approx 1 tonne
Mercedes-Benz Sprinter — mid-sized van, based on a joint venture with the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles Crafter, with payloads of 2 to 6 tonne. Also produced as a Dodge in USA and Canada with the name Freightliner Sprinter.
Sprinter 414 416CDI ambulance
Sprinter 316CDI light ambulance
Mercedes-Benz Vario — heavy van with similar load to a light truck (7.5 tonne)
Concept models


Mercedes-Benz C111 - sports car and test vehicle for different high performance engines (wankel engine and later diesel engines) shown in 1969, 1970 and 1978
Mercedes-Benz Auto 2000 - four-door saloon shown in 1981 Frankfurt Auto Show
Mercedes-Benz NAFA - microcar, 1982
Mercedes-Benz C112 - sports car and development mule developed in 1991
Mercedes-Benz F 100 - car introduced in 1991 North American International Auto Show
Mercedes-Benz Coupe Concept - car introduced in 1993 Geneva Motor Show
Mercedes-Benz Vario Research Car - one car, four vehicles, introduced in 1995 Geneva Motor Show
Mercedes-Benz F 200 Imagination - two-door coupé introduced in 1996 Paris Motor Show, preview of 1999 S-Class (W220)
Mercedes-Benz F 300 Life Jet - three-wheel car/motorcycle unveiled in 1997 Frankfurt Motor Show
Mercedes-Benz Vision SLR - prototype of Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren, unveiled in 1999 North American International Auto Show
Mercedes-Benz Vision SLA - convertible with details of the SLR, but based on the A-Class platform, unveiled in 2000 North American International Auto Show
Mercedes-Benz Vision GST - car shown in 2002 North American International Auto Show, preview of R-Class
Mercedes-Benz F 400 Carving - a two-seat roadster unveiled in 2002 Tokyo Motor Show
Mercedes Benz F 500 Mind - four-door fastback saloon unveiled in 2003 Tokyo Motor Show
Mercedes-Benz F 600 HYGENIUS - compact fuel cell car, unveiled in 2005 Tokyo Motor Show
Mercedes-Benz Bionic - car unveiled in 2005 DaimlerChrysler Innovation Symposium in Washington, modeled after boxfish
Mercedes-Benz Ocean Drive - a four-door convertible based on the S600, shown in 2007
Mercedes-Benz F700 - large luxury saloon featuring the small capacity / high output DiesOtto engine, unveiled at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show.
Mercedes-Benz ConceptFASCINATION - shooting-brake giving a preview of the 2010 E-Class (W212), unveiled at 2008 Paris Motor Show
Mercedes-Benz S 400 BlueHYBRID
Mercedes-Benz F-Cell Roadster, 2009
Mercedes-Benz F 800 Style - four-door sedan shown in 2010 Geneva Motor Show
Mercedes-Benz F 125! - experimental luxury vehicle shown in 2011

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